USD to PKR History: From 1947 to 2024 – Explore the Exchange Rate Trends

Check out USD to PKR History: the history of the dollar rate in Pakistan from 1947 to 2024. Since the inception of Pakistan in 1947, the exchange rate between the US dollar (USD) and the Pakistani rupee (PKR) has undergone significant changes. In the earlier years, particularly during the 1950s and 1960s, the USD to PKR exchange rate was relatively stable, hovering around 4 PKR to 1 USD. However, in the early 1970s, significant geopolitical events and economic policies led to fluctuations in the exchange rate.

Throughout subsequent decades, factors such as political instability, economic reforms, inflationary pressures, and external debt contributed to fluctuations in the value of the PKR against the USD. By the late 1980s and early 1990s, the exchange rate had reached around 30 PKR to 1 USD.

In more recent years, particularly after the turn of the century, Pakistan experienced periods of substantial depreciation against the US dollar due to various economic challenges. The impact of global economic events and regional geopolitical dynamics further influenced fluctuations in the exchange rate.

As Pakistan’s central bank, the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) has often intervened in currency markets to manage volatility and maintain stability in the exchange rate. Despite these interventions, market forces have periodically driven significant movements in USD to PKR rates.

In conclusion, Pakistan’s history concerning its exchange rate with the US dollar reflects a complex interplay of domestic economic dynamics and external factors. The historical performance of this exchange rate is indicative of Pakistan’s socio-economic development over time.

USD to PKR History: 1947 to 2024

USD To PKR history year-wise detail since 1947

  • 1 USD to PKR in 1947: 1 USD=3.31 PKR.
  • 1948 1 USD=3.31 PKR.
  • 1949 1 USD=3.31 PKR.
  • 1950 1 USD=3.31 PKR.
  • 1951 1 USD=3.31 PKR.
  • 1952 1 USD=3.31 PKR.
  • 1953 1 USD=3.31 PKR.
  • 1954 1 USD=3.31 PKR.
  • 1955 1 USD=3.91 PKR.
  • 1956 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1957 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1958 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1959 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1960 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1961 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1962 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1961 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1962 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1963 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1964 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1965 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1966 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1967 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1968 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1969 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1970 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1971 1 USD=4.76 PKR.
  • 1972 1 USD=11.01 PKR.
  • 1973 1 USD=9.99 PKR.
  • 1974 1 USD=9.99 PKR.
  • 1975 1 USD=9.99 PKR.
  • 1976 1 USD=9.99 PKR.
  • 1977 1 USD=9.99 PKR.
  • 1978 1 USD=9.99 PKR.
  • 1979 1 USD=9.99 PKR.
  • 1980 1 USD=9.99 PKR.
  • 1981 1 USD=9.99 PKR.
  • 1982 1 USD=11.85 PKR.
  • 1983 1 USD=13.12 PKR.
  • 1984 1 USD=14.05 PKR.
  • 1985 1 USD=15.93 PKR.
  • 1986 1 USD=16.65 PKR.
  • 1987 1 USD=17.4 PKR.
  • 1988 1 USD=18 PKR.
  • 1989 1 USD=20.54 PKR.
  • 1990 1 USD=21.71 PKR.
  • 1991 1 USD=23.8 PKR.
  • 1992 1 USD=25.08 PKR.
  • 1993 1 USD=28.11 PKR.
  • 1994 1 USD=30.57 PKR.
  • 1995 1 USD=31.64 PKR.
  • 1996 1 USD=36.08 PKR.
  • 1997 1 USD=41.11 PKR.
  • 1998 1 USD=45.05 PKR.
  • 1999 1 USD=51.90 PKR.
  • 2000 1 USD=51.90 PKR.
  • 2001 1 USD=63.5 PKR.
  • 2002 1 USD=60.5 PKR.
  • 2003 1 USD=57.75 PKR.
  • 2004 1 USD=57.8 PKR.
  • 2005 1 USD=59.7 PKR.
  • 2006 1 USD=60.4 PKR.
  • 2007 1 USD=60.83 PKR.
  • 2008 1 USD=81.1 PKR.
  • 2009 1 USD=84.1 PKR.
  • 2010 1 USD=85.75 PKR.
  • 2011 1 USD=88.6 PKR.
  • 2012 1 USD=96.5 PKR.
  • 2013 1 USD=107.2 PKR.
  • 2014 1 USD=103 PKR.
  • 2015 1 USD=105.20 PKR.
  • 2016 1 USD=104.6 PKR.
  • 2017 1 USD=110.01 PKR.
  • Dollar to PKR in 2018
  • 2019 1 USD=163.75 PKR.
  • 2020 1 USD=168.88 PKR.
  • 2021 1 USD=179.16 PKR.
  • 2022 1 USD=225.40 PKR.
  • 2023 1 USD=278 PKR (March).
  • 2024 1 USD =283.40 PKR (January)

The USD to PKR exchange rate history is extensive, and summarizing it comprehensively in this format may not be feasible due to the limitations. However, it’s important to note that since Pakistan’s independence in 1947, the exchange rate of USD to PKR has experienced various fluctuations influenced by a wide range of economic, political, and global factors.

Initially, the USD-PKR exchange rate was comparatively stable. However, over the decades, it has shown significant volatility due to factors such as geopolitical events, economic policies, trade imbalances, inflation rates, and fiscal deficits.

In recent years, the exchange rate has shown periods of rapid depreciation and appreciation, influenced by domestic economic conditions and global market dynamics. The State Bank of Pakistan plays a crucial role in attempting to stabilize the exchange rate through interventions in the foreign exchange market and implementing monetary policies.

A detailed analysis of the complete history of USD to PKR exchange rates from 1947 till now would require an in-depth examination incorporating data from various sources.

Fluctuations in the Dollar Rate in Pakistan

The exchange rate of the US dollar against the Pakistani rupee is a topic that impacts various aspects of the economy and has far-reaching implications for businesses, consumers, and policymakers in the country. The fluctuation of the dollar rate in Pakistan is influenced by a multitude of domestic and international factors, including economic indicators, geopolitical events, monetary policy decisions, and market sentiment. This article aims to delve into the dynamics of these fluctuations and their impact on Pakistan’s economy.

Factors Influencing Dollar Rate Fluctuations:

1. Economic Indicators: The performance of key economic indicators such as inflation, GDP growth, balance of payments, and trade deficits can significantly influence the value of the Pakistani rupee against the US dollar. For instance, high inflation or widening trade deficits may lead to the depreciation of the local currency against the dollar.

2. Monetary Policy: Decisions made by the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) regarding interest rates and money supply play a crucial role in determining the exchange rate. Adjustments in interest rates can affect capital flows and influence currency valuation.

3. Global Events: International developments such as changes in oil prices, geopolitical tensions, or shifts in global demand for exports can impact the exchange rate between the US dollar and the Pakistani rupee.

4. Market Sentiment: Investor perception and market sentiment towards Pakistan’s economic outlook can also contribute to fluctuations in the dollar rate. Positive developments may attract foreign investment and strengthen the rupee, while negative sentiments could lead to depreciation.

Impact on Various Sectors:

1. Imports and Exports: Fluctuations in the dollar rate have a direct impact on import costs for businesses in Pakistan. A depreciating rupee makes imports more expensive, potentially leading to higher prices for imported goods. Conversely, a weaker dollar can benefit exporters by making their products more competitive in global markets.

2. Inflation: Changes in the exchange rate can affect domestic inflation levels through imported price pressures. A depreciating rupee often leads to higher import costs, which may translate into elevated consumer prices for imported goods and raw materials.

3. Foreign Investment: Exchange rate volatility can influence foreign investment decisions as investors assess potential returns along with currency risks when investing in Pakistan’s assets or undertaking business activities within its borders.

Managing Exchange Rate Fluctuations:

To mitigate adverse effects stemming from volatile exchange rates, various stakeholders employ strategies aimed at managing currency risk:

1. Hedging: Businesses engaged in international trade often utilize financial derivatives such as forward contracts or options to hedge against exchange rate fluctuations, thereby securing predictable costs for their import or export transactions.

2. Central Bank Intervention: The central bank may intervene in foreign exchange markets to smooth excessive volatility or achieve specific policy objectives related to employment stability or inflation targeting.

3. Diversification: Diversifying revenue sources and foreign currency holdings can help cushion firms and individuals against sudden swings in exchange rates.

Outlook for Future Movements:

The future movements of the dollar rate depend on evolving economic conditions both domestically and globally.

– Domestic Reforms: Structural reforms aimed at improving economic fundamentals such as fiscal discipline, export promotion initiatives, investment-friendly policies, and institutional strengthening could positively influence future movements of the exchange rate.

External Factors: Global economic trends, including monetary policy decisions by major economies like the United States Federal Reserve Bank, significantly impact currency valuations worldwide; any shift may reverberate through emerging markets like Pakistan.

– Geopolitical Developments: Political stability within Pakistan, along with regional and global geopolitical events, could exert considerable influence on future movements of its currency against the US dollar.


Fluctuations in exchange rates hold significant implications for an economy’s stability as well as individual financial circumstances. In Pakistan’s context, particularly considering its reliance on imports for energy needs and consumer goods alongside substantial remittance inflows from overseas workers, forecasting shifts within forex markets holds paramount importance.