Last Updated on February 22, 2024 by Saddam Hassan Khan
The two most widely celebrated national holidays in Pakistan are Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. Eid al-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting for Muslims, while Eid al-Adha commemorates the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to God. These festivals bring together families and communities to partake in prayers, feasts, and acts of charity, reinforcing bonds among individuals regardless of their social or economic status. Another crucial holiday is Pakistan Day on March 23rd, which signifies the adoption of the Lahore Resolution in 1940 that ultimately led to the creation of Pakistan as an independent nation.
Pakistan, a country with a rich cultural and religious heritage, observes several national holidays throughout the year. Most of these holidays are deeply rooted in Islamic tradition and hold significant importance for the Pakistani people. These holidays serve as occasions of national celebration and reflection, uniting citizens from various backgrounds in the spirit of unity and solidarity.
These national holidays in Pakistan play a pivotal role in shaping the cultural fabric of Pakistan by fostering a sense of collective identity and pride among its citizens. The government declares these days as public holidays nationwide to allow people to participate fully in festivities while honouring their historical significance. Through these celebrations, Pakistanis reaffirm their commitment to upholding their values and traditions while also embracing diversity within their society.
The National holidays in Pakistan include
Here are the national holidays in Pakistan:
1. Eid Ul Fitr
2. Eid Ul Adha
3. Kashmir Solidarity Day, February 5
4. Pakistan Day, March 23
5. Labor Day, May 1
6. Independence Day, August 14
7. Defense Day: September 6
8. Ashura (9th and 10th Muharram): – date varies according to the Islamic calendar.
9. Eid Milad un-Nabi (Birth of the Prophet Muhammad): The date varies according to the Islamic calendar.
10. Quaid-e-Azam Day (Birthday of Muhammad Ali Jinnah): December 25
Public Holidays in Pakistan
Kashmir Solidarity Day, February 5
Kashmir Solidarity Day is observed on February 5th in Pakistan. It is a day to show support and unity with the people of Jammu and Kashmir in their struggle for self-determination, as well as to raise awareness about the ongoing conflicts and human rights violations in the region. The day is marked with rallies, seminars, and symposiums to express solidarity with the Kashmiri people and to demand justice and freedom for them.
Pakistan Day, March 23
Pakistan Day, also known as Republic Day, is celebrated on March 23rd each year to commemorate the Lahore Resolution of 1940. This was a significant moment in the struggle for an independent Muslim state, which eventually led to the creation of Pakistan. The day is observed with parades, cultural events, and flag-raising ceremonies across the country. It serves as a reminder of the ideals of unity, faith, and discipline that were integral to the formation of Pakistan.
Labor Day, May 1
Labor Day, celebrated on May 1st, is an important holiday in Pakistan. It acknowledges the contributions and achievements of workers and labourers nationwide. The day is marked by various events, including rallies, parades, and speeches to honour the labour force and highlight their significance in the country’s progress. It also serves as a platform to advocate for workers’ rights and fair labour practices.
Independence Day: August 14
Independence Day is celebrated on August 14th in Pakistan. It commemorates the country’s independence from British rule in 1947. The day is marked with flag-hoisting ceremonies, parades, fireworks, and various cultural events. It is a time for expressions of national pride and unity, as well as reflection on the sacrifices made during the struggle for independence.
Defence Day: September 6
Defense Day is observed on September 6th in Pakistan to commemorate the sacrifices and bravery of the Pakistani armed forces during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. The day is marked with nationalistic zeal, including ceremonies, military parades, and special events to honour the armed forces and their role in safeguarding the nation’s sovereignty.
Ashura (9th and 10th Muharram): The date varies according to the Islamic calendar.
Ashura, the 9th and 10th days of the Islamic month of Muharram, is a significant period for Muslims, particularly for Shia Muslims. It is observed as a day of mourning to commemorate the martyrdom of Hussain ibn Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, at the Battle of Karbala in 680 AD. During this time, special gatherings, processions, and rituals take place as a way to honour Hussain’s sacrifice and reflect on themes of justice, sacrifice, and faith.
Eid Milad un-Nabi (Birth of the Prophet Muhammad) – The date varies according to the Islamic calendar.
Eid Milad un-Nabi, also known as Mawlid al-Nabi, is the observance of the birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Sunni and Shia Muslims may celebrate this occasion on different days, with some observing it on the 12th of Rabi’ al-Awal (the third month of the Islamic calendar), while others celebrate on different dates. The celebrations often involve communal prayers, gatherings to share stories about Muhammad’s life and teachings, charity events, and other acts of devotion.
Quaid-e-Azam Day (Birthday of Muhammad Ali Jinnah): December 25
Quaid-e-Azam Day, celebrated on December 25th, marks the birthday of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder and first Governor-General of Pakistan. This day is observed with special events, including ceremonies, flag hoisting, and speeches highlighting Jinnah’s role in Pakistan’s independence movement and his vision for the nation. It is a time to reflect on his leadership and contributions to the establishment of Pakistan as an independent nation.
Christmas Day December 25
Christmas Day on December 25th is a public holiday in Pakistan, particularly observed in regions where there are significant Christian communities. It is a time for religious observances, festive gatherings, and exchanging gifts among the Christian population. The holiday reflects the cultural diversity and spirit of inclusivity in Pakistan.
Eid Ul Fitr
Eid al-Fitr is a significant public holiday in Pakistan, marking the end of Ramadan. It is celebrated with special prayers, feasts, and acts of charity. The holiday fosters a sense of unity and generosity within the community as people come together to celebrate the culmination of a month of fasting and spiritual reflection.
Eid Ul Adha
Eid al-Adha, also known as the Festival of Sacrifice, is a key religious holiday in Pakistan. It commemorates Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to God. During this event, Muslims partake in prayers and charitable activities and engage in the tradition of sacrificing animals, with the meat distributed among family, friends, and those in need.